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December 11th is the National Day of Tango in Argentina. The date has been set to honor tango singer Carlos Gardel and composer Julio de Caro . Composer Ben Molar was the promoter of the initiative.

Carlos Gardel was born on December 11 th, 1890. He developed a style of singing tango that brought worldwide recognition. Therefore, he is known as the greatest tango singer ever. As a matter of fact, he created the tango as a song. Julio De Caro was born on December 11th, 1899. He was the creator of the tango music evolution. Both artists are responsibles for the development of tango as we know it nowadays.

 

Carlos Gardel left Julio de Caro right
Carlos Gardel (left) and Julio de Caro (right)

 

What is tango?

Tango is a musical genre from Argentina and Uruguay. It is the deepest and most vibrant expression of Rio de la Plata culture. Moreover, the UNESCO declared tango as Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2009. The main elements of the tango are the music, the poetry and the dance.

 

 

Origin of tango

The origin of tango dates back to the second half of the 19th Century. Due to slavery, African traditions were part of American life at that time. And  also ships full of European immigrants arrived to the region. So it is not a coincidence that the tango is a fusion of elements. Among them, we recognize the Afro-American cultures, the Creole and the European impact. Certainly the most important influences were the contradanza, the candombe and the milonga.

The best tangos of the history (according to the author)

A Media Luz. It is the most famous song in its category. The reason of that?. Undeniebly it has the most versions.  That is to say: languages, and ryhtms around the world.

La Cumparsita. It is more than 100 years old. And still it is the highest expression of the Uruguayan tango.

Cambalache.  It was created in 1934. An economic crisis in Argentina was the inspiration. Several artists have recorded versions of this tango. Such as Julio Iglesias, Joan Manuel Serrat or Andres Calamaro.

Por una cabeza. Carlos Gardel composed and performed this famous tango. Furthermore this song is very popular among tango lovers. Besides, it was part of the soundtracks in several Hollywood movies.

Learn the secrets of tango with a local.